Precise translations into and from Punjabi

Punjabi belongs to the Indo-European language family and is spoken in the Indian State of Punjab (where it’s the official language), in other parts of India, and in Pakistan. All dialects included, there are more than 100 million people who speak Punjabi in the world today.

The majority of these speakers live in Pakistan, even though the language carries no official status there and isn’t used for writing. On the other hand, Punjabi is one of 22 official languages of the Indian Constitution.

Dialects or none?

It isn’t possible to subdivide the Punjabi language into dialects. Some linguists, however, classify various sub-dialects of Punjabi, which is quite controversial. The Lahnda or West Punjabi, a group consisting of well over 20 vernaculars including Shahpuri, Multani, Saraiki, Hindko, and Pothohari, are classified as idioms of Punjabi, even though many linguists consider these to be separate languages.

The Dogri, a dialect formerly spoken in the Jammu area, was long considered by the Indian government to be a dialect of Punjabi, but has been recognized as its own language by the Indian Constitution for the past few years.

The history of Punjabi

Punjabi can be traced back to the early Middle Ages. There are literary certificates from this time that have survived to this day. Punjabi didn’t become a generally accepted language, however, until the early modern period.

In time, it became the language of Sikhism, a monotheistic religion in the North of India that boasted millions of followers. With the global spread of Sikhism, which extended all the way to Europe, North America, and Australia, Punjabi was generally accepted.

A tonal language

Punjabi features special phonological features and is considered a tonal language. This means that by changing the pitch of a letter or a syllable when speaking Punjabi, the entire word can change meaning.

Tonal languages are the most widely spoken languages on Earth. There are three different types of tonal languages: register tone, contour tone, and pitch accented.

The Punjabi script called Gurmukhi is also very distinctive. Closely related to different Indian writing styles, it originates from the Brahmi script, a combination of letters and symbols that later developed into more than 100 Indian scripts, including Gurmukhi. The name Gurmukhi is derived from the words "teacher" and "mouth."

How much does a translation into Punjabi cost?

The standard rate for translations from English into Punjabi is $ 0.13 per word, and for translations from Punjabi into English, the industry rate is $ 0.20. For new customers or large texts (more than 5,000 words), we may significantly reduce our rates. For urgent jobs that need several translators working simultaneously, we'll apply a surcharge. For a full list of rates per language, please visit Rates table for most requested language combinations.

Perfect translations into or from Punjabi

Our native-speaking translators know the idiosyncrasies of Punjabi and are capable of translating your texts with pinpoint accuracy. Even more specialized subject areas such as medicine or economics are not a problem for us.

Besides translating from English or other languages into Punjabi, we can also translate from Punjabi into English or any other language. This includes certified translations of official records, such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, tax records, and licenses.

All you have to do is send your text using the quote form on this page (or email), and we’ll get back to you quickly with a no-obligation price. If you have questions, of course, don’t hesitate to contact us by phone.


Mariana Mellor
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